Berlin Germany History

Few capitals in the world have undergone as much change in the last 300 years as the German capital Berlin. As we all know, our time in Germany is coming to an end, and never before have the country and the capital Berlin experienced so many changes in their history.

Before 1989, the historic centre of Berlin was in the former German Democratic Republic (GDR), which was separated from the western part of the city by a wall in 1961. Moreover, other similarly divided cities such as Hamburg, Cologne, and Stuttgart were within their respective borders.

The Soviet occupation zone was quickly followed by a series of new cities such as Berlin, Hamburg, Cologne and Stuttgart, which were part of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR) and later the Federal Republic of Germany. The Soviet zone grew, making Berlin the largest city in Germany and the second largest in the world.

The construction of the Berlin Wall halted the flow of refugees from East to West and defused the crisis in Berlin. The Berlin Wall remained in place until 9 November, when the borders between East and West Berlin were reopened and the Wall itself was finally dismantled. Chancellor Helmut Kohl, as he crossed the border to confront the history he had created, the gates opened again. Both the governments of the Federal Republic of Germany and Berlin in the GDR were tasked with finding ways to regulate and secure the visiting rights of East Berlin, Berlin and the GDR, as well as their citizens.

The decision to unite the two German halves in Berlin was declared and made official, and East and West Germany became a state. The two-year-old state of East Germany and the GDR were declared a United States of America under President Ronald Reagan.

The three Allied zones became the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), the former Soviet occupation zone became the German Democratic Republic (GDR) on 7 October 1949.

Built in 1961, the Berlin Wall divided East and West Berlin until it was officially abolished in 1990. Modern Germany existed a few years after the fall of the Berlin Wall and the reunification of East and West, but not before it not only separated the centre of Berlin, but also surrounded it and completely separated it from the rest of East Germany. In 1990, a little more than a decade after the fall of the Wall, East and West Germany were reunited as a single "German state" in 1991.

A line between East and West Berlin was installed to connect the two cities, the last line being completed in 2009. This crossing remained in place after the Berlin Wall was built in 1961 and has since served as the main crossing point for foreigners to travel from East to West Berlin. As more and more people moved to West Germany, the Soviets erected a fence in East Berlin in the late 1950s and early 1960s that would later become the "Berlin Wall."

The Russians eventually handed over several districts of Berlin to the Allies in 1949, but not all were established as part of the Soviet Union until the end of World War II.

The physical barrier between the two sides of Berlin, the Berlin Wall, was erected in August 1961 after many East Berliners fled the situation. The Brandenburg Gate was a symbol of divided Germany from 1961 until the fall of the "Berlin Wall" in 1989, and its entrance was cut off by a Berlin Wall, with no access from either side.

After the founding of the GDR, the capital, known as West Berlin, became an island of democracy and capitalism behind the Iron Curtain. On 13 August 1961, East and West Berlin began building the Berlin Wall, a physical barrier between the two sides of Berlin.

At the same time, the existence of West Berlin increasingly became a concern for the Soviet Union and its allies in the GDR. In August, Soviet Prime Minister Nikita Khrushchev forgot to begin sealing off all access between East and West Germany. Berlin soon became the easiest place to make an unauthorised crossing from East to West Germany the most difficult. The vast majority of East Germans could not travel to or emigrate to West Germany because of the Berlin Wall, due to its physical barrier.

This ultimatum triggered the construction of the Berlin Wall, which peaked in 1961, but optimism prevailed, and the Wall fell in 1989. Berlin became the largest construction site in Europe when the fragmented East and West Berlin were brought together again. In 1989, a new crisis arose, leading to the construction of a "Berlin Wall" separating East Germany from its Western counterpart. After the fall of the Berlin Wall, Potsdamer Platz became the "major construction site of Europe," with a massive modernization of the commercial buildings it became the most popular tourist destination in Europe.

More About Berlin

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